南京桑拿论坛

High Yields at Agro Park in New Forrest/Duff House

first_imgRelatedGovernment Investment in Agriculture Paying Off High Yields at Agro Park in New Forrest/Duff House AgricultureAugust 12, 2014Written by: Garfield L. Angus Photo: JIS PhotographerActing Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries, Hon. Derrick Kellier (2nd right), shares in the eating of melon produced at the New Forrest/Duff House Agro Park, in Manchester, on August 11, while on a tour of the park. Others (from left) are: Permanent Secretary in the Ministry, Donovan Stanberry; President of the New Forrest/Duff House Water Users Association, Conrod Murray; Senior Extension Officer with the Rural Agricultural Development Authority (RADA), Donald Robinson; and Executive Director of RADA, Lenworth Fulton. Acting Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries, Hon. Derrick Kellier, says the new technology being used by farmers at the New Forrest/Duff House Agro Park, in Manchester, has turned the once desolate area into a well run farm.“The farmers have done a lot of work; they have accepted the new technology, which is the way to go where agriculture is concerned. We can see from the kind of production and the yields that are here…that intervention has turned what would have been a desert, into an oasis,” the Minister told journalists after he toured the park on August 11.“The production here is very high, and it is helping to balance the difficulties that we are experiencing in other areas,” he added.Mr. Kellier pointed out that when all nine agro parks are in full operation, “we will not be able to consume all that they produce; so we have to ensure that we go overseas to seek markets, so that more farmers can get involved, and those that are farming can expand, and create more job opportunities.”Emphasizing that the Government’s large investment in irrigation systems is another reason for the current buoyancy in agriculture, he noted that “irrigation guarantees sustainable production.”“Rainwater harvesting is also crucial, because we lose too much of our rainwater. It is a less costly operation, as once you establish a micro dam, particularly if it is an area from which you can gravity flow the water to lower areas of farm lands, it will bring down the price of the cost to the farmers. They will make more money, and the young people who were skeptical over the years, they will see that agriculture is good business, and we want to encourage that,” Mr. Kellier said.When the  Minister addressed the  Denbigh Agricultural, Industrial and Food Show in May Pen, Clarendon, on August 2, he  noted that the government’s  establishment of the agro parks has turned around food production in the country and has placed  farmers in a position to reap high yields  and increase their earnings.Meanwhile, the farmers at New Forrest/Duff House reported to the Minister that they have little, and in most cases, no theft of their produce, and that the police are giving them adequate support.The main crops being produced are escallion, sweet potato, thyme, melon, tomato, and pineapple.The nine agro parks are projected to realize foreign exchange savings of some $4 billion, and provide employment for about 5,000 persons, when fully implemented.Scheduled for completion in 2015, the project aims to modernize Jamaica’s agricultural sector; and contribute to reducing the island’s almost US$1 billion food import bill, while increasing exports and creating jobs. Story HighlightsMinister Kellier says the new technology being used by farmers at the New Forrest/Duff House Agro Park, in Manchester, has turned the once desolate area into a well run farm.Mr. Kellier pointed out that when all nine agro parks are in full operation, “we will not be able to consume all that they produce; so we have to ensure that we go overseas to seek markets.”Emphasizing that the Government’s large investment in irrigation systems is another reason for the current buoyancy in agriculture, he noted that “irrigation guarantees sustainable production.” RelatedGovernment Acts to Further Strengthen Agricultural Sectorcenter_img RelatedFood Imports Down – PM High Yields at Agro Park in New Forrest/Duff HouseJIS News | Presented by: PausePlay% buffered00:0000:00UnmuteMuteDisable captionsEnable captionsSettingsCaptionsDisabledQualityundefinedSpeedNormalCaptionsGo back to previous menuQualityGo back to previous menuSpeedGo back to previous menu0.5×0.75×Normal1.25×1.5×1.75×2×Exit fullscreenEnter fullscreenPlay FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmail Advertisementslast_img read more

Feature: Mobile 360 Privacy & Security highlights

first_imgPlaying onSubtitlesLanguageSettingsQualityAutomatic Automatic HDSpeedNormalQualityAutomaticSpeed0.250.5Normal1.251.52Loaded: 0%0:00Progress: 0%0:00 Progress: 0%PlayPlayMuteMuteCurrent Time 0:00/Duration Time 0:00LiveRemaining Time -0:00 Watch in VRWatch in VRdescriptions off, selectedDescriptionsSubtitlesSubtitlesUnavailable Powered by THEOplayer 2021.1.3Close Related ContentClose ShareSaleha Riaz and Chris Donkin report from The Hague, where the GSMA’s security-focused Mobile 360 event took place this week. With the recent WannaCry ransomware attack still fresh in the mind, and Europe’s data privacy regulations (GDPR) looming large, the industry is facing major challenges. Speaker highlights include BlackBerry, Telefonica, T-Mobile and Vodafone. Previous ArticleApple, Visa face mobile payment lawsuitNext ArticleSupercell acquires 62% stake in Space Ape Games UnavailableUnavailable HomeFeatured Content Feature: Mobile 360 Privacy & Security highlights Play Video Related contentRelated contentShare VideoShare Video UnavailableLanguageLanguageSettingsHDSettingsFullscreenFullscreenThis is a modal window.Caption Settings DialogBeginning of dialog window. Escape will cancel and close the window.TextColorWhiteBlackRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyOpaqueSemi-TransparentBackgroundColorBlackWhiteRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyOpaqueSemi-TransparentTransparentWindowColorBlackWhiteRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyTransparentSemi-TransparentOpaqueFont Size50%75%100%125%150%175%200%300%400%Text Edge StyleNoneRaisedDepressedUniformDropshadowFont FamilyProportional Sans-SerifMonospace Sans-SerifProportional SerifMonospace SerifCasualScriptSmall CapsDefaultsDone AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to LinkedInLinkedInLinkedInShare to TwitterTwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookFacebookShare to MoreAddThisMore 24 MAY 2017 last_img read more

Tradeshow Roundup: Road Bikes – Part One

first_imgThe Dedacciai Flash TT uses a heavily integrated stem and headset system that provides a sleek, slippery front. There’s also 6mm of length adjustment at the front of the stem thanks to a rotating clamp that surrounds the handlebars. Frame weight is 1,200g (med., claimed) and fork is 440g with integrated linear pull brake. Fairings under the BBhide the rear brake from the wind, too. Rear dropouts allow for 15mm of horizontal adjustment of the axle.At the opposite end of the aero spectrum is Ekimov’s Panasonic race bike. Still cool. The Carrera One-D is carries similar lines as their SL but adds disc brakes!The Phibra is simply stunning. The arced top tube into seat stays combines with a curvy downtube to make what they is the perfect road bike. Combine it with their obnoxiously awesome color choices (check their website) and it’s sure to be polarizing in all the right ways. The last thing I need is another bike in my stable, but Good Lord to I want one of these.We’ve reviewed the Culprit Croz Blade in the past and found it to be a fast, stiff road bike. Now, they’re available at more price points with multiple build specs. They’ll start at just $2,995 with SRAM Apex/S700 hydraulic disc brakes and Reynolds Stratus Pro disc wheels then go all the way up to an Ultegra Di2 build with the new Shimano Hydraulic Disc Brakes for just $5,195. Or choose SRAM Red 22 Hydro-RD for $5,095. Both will come with the new Reynolds Assault Disc carbon clinchers, giving you a killer build on a (non-UCI) race-ready frame. A non-disc build is also available with Red 22, and there’s a mid-level Rival/S700 disc build with Token carbon wheels.They’ve also finalized the design of the Trigon aerobar stem to hide the cables for the Legend TT bike. Culprit founder Josh Colp consults for Trigon, hence the branding partnership on these bits. We’re working on a review of their kid’s road bikes, too, which would make an excellent under-the-tree surprise for your favorite little (spoiled) cyclist. Check ’em out at CulpritBicycles.com.Airstreem just announced new road bikes, but they still had something to see back in August. I caught them at the end of the last day when everyone was packing up, hence the handlebar position. The graphical wrap on this bike isn’t a stock offering, just a show piece: Man, do we need a European correspondent! So many brands to see at Eurobike that just don’t make it Stateside that make gorgeous (or at least interesting) bikes, Carrera being a fine example. Their bikes are always curvy and angled in just the right ways, but what else would you expect from the Italians?More from them, Culprit, Deda/Dedacciai and others below…last_img read more

Group helps illegal bird traders transition into different lines of business

first_imgInstead of focusing on putting bird poachers and illegal traders behind bars, an NGO in Indonesian Borneo is creating incentives for them to stop.It’s a unique approach in the Southeast Asian country, where conservation efforts have tended to focus on calls for tighter law enforcement and more rigorous punishment.The group, Planet Indonesia, has identified more than 100 small bird shops in and around Pontianak, the biggest city in western Borneo, and says many of them are pondering changing professions. It’s know-how and capital that’s holding them back. MOUNT NIUT, Indonesia — Catching tropical birds in the wild is relatively easy: you put glue on the branches of trees they inhabit. Some species can be lured closer with bird songs played back from a phone. Later, you peel off the birds whose wings or feet got stuck — an arduous procedure that leaves many of them injured, if not dead. Larger-scale operations use nets to catch many birds at once.Poachers in the few remaining forest ecosystems across Indonesia tend to catch indiscriminately, trapping everything they can get, from pangolins to hornbills, say wildlife trade experts. But lately, catching songbirds has become increasingly attractive because hobby birdkeepers are willing to pay handsomely for them.“The market is getting hot,” says Oktavianus Marko, a farmer from the slopes of Mount Niut in West Kalimantan province, one of the many remote forests in Indonesia that feed the growing demand for songbirds, especially on the island of Java, where songbird keeping is a tradition. Champion birds that win songbird competitions can cost as much as a car or house.Mount NiutMarko was once a trapper himself, but when he realized that some of the birds that were plentiful just a few years ago were starting to disappear, he decided to stop. It’s difficult to convince his friends to do the same, he told Mongabay. When other opportunities are lacking, poaching, or allowing other hunters to enter the forest in exchange for money, can be the only option they have left.Economic pressure and a lack of education are often the root causes of environmental loss. The global conservation community regularly encounters this pattern when studying factors that lead people to poach. Population growth has put humans and wildlife in competition for resources and space, and if a community sees no benefit in participating in conservation programs, or worse yet, is actually disadvantaged by them, these efforts are likely to fail.A growing understanding of these dynamics has led to a shift in mindset away from the so-called “fines and fences” approach that favors tightly guarded national parks and reserves, to more participatory programs based on community buy-in. The evaluation of some these programs suggest that they can produce long-lasting conservation successes.Planet Indonesia, an NGO that works in the Mount Niut area, is putting the participatory conservation principle to the test. Instead of focusing on putting poachers and traders behind bars, the group is creating incentives for them to stop — a unique approach in Indonesia, where conservation efforts have tended to focus on calls for tighter law enforcement and more rigorous punishment.Parts of Mount Niut are a nature reserve, which gives it a higher protection status than national parks in Indonesia. In theory, even entering the forest requires a permit, but local inhabitants, some of them ethnic Dayak who have lived off the forest for generations, find it hard to adjust to the rules.Conservation programs like Planet Indonesia’s, which are more prevalent in Africa and India, have to be incredibly diverse and tackle the problem of environmental loss from a number of angles, finding ways to engage with and steer away trappers and traders from environmentally harmful activities.Around Mount Niut, Planet Indonesia has a program that helps farmers like those in Marko’s village become more productive and profitable, for example by using homemade fertilizer and linking them up with new buyers for their crops. Healthier produce can be sold for more money, reducing the incentive to hunt animals in the forest.The NGO is also upgrading the way forest patrols are done. Official patrols in the nature reserve are rare. “There are only two units for an area of thousands of hectares,” Rodiansyah, who leads Planet Indonesia’s wildlife protection unit, told Mongabay.By involving the local residents in the patrols, larger areas can be covered, and there’s more transparency and trust in the process because the NGO has also introduced a standardized monitoring and reporting tool to archive what’s seen on each patrol. Community members who participate in the patrols are compensated for this work, a further incentive for them to disengage from poaching activities. Rodiansyah says they’ve seen the number of traps and nets go down since introducing the method.A forest patrol. Image courtesy of Planet Indonesia.One step further along the supply chain, Planet Indonesia works with traders and bird shop keepers in the area, hoping to help some of them transition into different lines of business.Unlike pangolin scales or hornbill beaks, which are trafficked across borders into Hong Kong, China and Taiwan on black market routes, much of the songbird trade happens out in the open. Many types of birds can be freely bought in shops and markets.Some of the birds most popular with hobbyists, like the white-rumped shama (Copsychus malabaricus) and the pied myna (Gracupica contra), are not recognized by Indonesia as protected species, despite a broad scientific consensus that their wild populations are in dangerous decline.Planet Indonesia has identified more than 100 small bird shops in and around Pontianak, the closest major city to the Niut reserve.Roughly 20 shopkeepers have been pondering changing professions, because they realize that selling birds, along with cages, crickets and dry food, isn’t such a great business anyway. Running a coffee shop or small convenience store would be more lucrative. What’s been holding them back is know-how and capital, says Juhar Diansyah, who manages the NGO’s division that assists bird shop keepers in their transition.One trader Mongabay interviewed in Pontianak said he principally agrees with efforts to protect endangered birds. And because it’s sometimes unclear to traders which birds are protected under Indonesian law and which aren’t, he fears he might unknowingly engage in illegal activities.Fifty-year-old Suparmin is a passionate birdkeeper who left his Javanese hometown to become a logger in West Kalimantan more than 30 years ago. He thinks he helped kick-start the songbird-keeping hobby in Pontianak, because he was one of the first to organize birdsong competitions there.Like Marko, Suparmin was once involved in the bird trade, but it dawned on him that things went too far when he saw large-scale traffickers shuttle birds off to faraway markets by the thousands. Many of the creatures don’t survive the journey.Suparmin. Image by Nadine Freischlad for Mongabay.Suparmin started assisting Planet Indonesia by gathering information and educating hobbyists and traders about the dangers of uncontrolled poaching. Before long, local law enforcement arrested a trader in Pontianak who was known to sell black-winged mynas (Acridotheres melanopterus), a critically endangered species that is on the government’s protected list.Some conservationists, like Marison Guciano from Flight, an NGO that monitors the bird trade, think stricter law enforcement is the best way to discourage people from trafficking birds. Marison has spent time embedded with trappers and knows how they work. He says birds captured in raids often have nowhere to go. The local authorities are ill-equipped to care for birds in the long term, especially if they are sick or injured. In Marison’s view, it’s better to release birds once they’ve been seized, rather than leaving them to suffer in captivity.Planet Indonesia isn’t opposed to law enforcement, but sees it as only one of many mechanisms to effectively combat the problem. The NGO places for emphasis on the need for rehabilitation and a long-term plan for eventual reintroduction to the wild.“If you release them without proper protection, they’ll just get captured again,” says Adam Miller, Planet Indonesia’s co-founder. “It feeds the cycle.”Tackling all points in the chain, from community supported monitoring and law enforcement, to education and income alternatives, has one goal: As many birds as possible are meant to be left where they are, the supply stopped at the source.Banner: A knobbed hornbill. Image by Rhett A. Butler/Mongabay.FEEDBACK: Use this form to send a message to the author of this post. If you want to post a public comment, you can do that at the bottom of the page. Article published by mongabayauthor Popular in the CommunitySponsoredSponsoredOrangutan found tortured and decapitated prompts Indonesia probeEMGIES17 Jan, 2018We will never know the full extent of what this poor Orangutan went through before he died, the same must be done to this evil perpetrator(s) they don’t deserve the air that they breathe this has truly upset me and I wonder for the future for these wonderful creatures. So called ‘Mankind’ has a lot to answer for we are the only ones ruining this world I prefer animals to humans any day of the week.What makes community ecotourism succeed? In Madagascar, location, location, locationScissors1dOther countries should also learn and try to incorporateWhy you should care about the current wave of mass extinctions (commentary)Processor1 DecAfter all, there is no infinite anything in the whole galaxy!Infinite stupidity, right here on earth.The wildlife trade threatens people and animals alike (commentary)Anchor3dUnfortunately I feel The Chinese have no compassion for any living animal. They are a cruel country that as we knowneatbeverything that moves and do not humanily kill these poor animals and insects. They have no health and safety on their markets and they then contract these diseases. Maybe its karma maybe they should look at the way they live and stop using animals for all there so called remedies. DisgustingConservationists welcome China’s wildlife trade banThobolo27 JanChina has consistently been the worlds worst, “ Face of Evil “ in regards our planets flora and fauna survival. In some ways, this is nature trying to fight back. This ban is great, but the rest of the world just cannot allow it to be temporary, because history has demonstrated that once this coronavirus passes, they will in all likelihood, simply revert to been the planets worst Ecco Terrorists. Let’s simply not allow this to happen! How and why they have been able to degrade this planets iconic species, rape the planets rivers, oceans and forests, with apparent impunity, is just mind boggling! Please no more.Probing rural poachers in Africa: Why do they poach?Carrot3dOne day I feel like animals will be more scarce, and I agree with one of my friends, they said that poaching will take over the world, but I also hope notUpset about Amazon fires last year? Focus on deforestation this year (commentary)Bullhorn4dLies and more leisSponsoredSponsoredCoke is again the biggest culprit behind plastic waste in the PhilippinesGrapes7 NovOnce again the article blames companies for the actions of individuals. It is individuals that buy these products, it is individuals that dispose of them improperly. If we want to change it, we have to change, not just create bad guys to blame.Brazilian response to Bolsonaro policies and Amazon fires growsCar4 SepThank you for this excellent report. I feel overwhelmed by the ecocidal intent of the Bolsonaro government in the name of ‘developing’ their ‘God-given’ resources.U.S. allocates first of $30M in grants for forest conservation in SumatraPlanet4dcarrot hella thick ;)Melting Arctic sea ice may be altering winds, weather at equator: studyleftylarry30 JanThe Arctic sea ice seems to be recovering this winter as per the last 10-12 years, good news.Malaysia has the world’s highest deforestation rate, reveals Google forest mapBone27 Sep, 2018Who you’re trying to fool with selective data revelation?You can’t hide the truth if you show historical deforestation for all countries, especially in Europe from 1800s to this day. WorldBank has a good wholesome data on this.Mass tree planting along India’s Cauvery River has scientists worriedSurendra Nekkanti23 JanHi Mongabay. Good effort trying to be objective in this article. I would like to give a constructive feedback which could help in clearing things up.1. It is mentioned that planting trees in village common lands will have negative affects socially and ecologically. There is no need to even have to agree or disagree with it, because, you also mentioned the fact that Cauvery Calling aims to plant trees only in the private lands of the farmers. So, plantation in the common lands doesn’t come into the picture.2.I don’t see that the ecologists are totally against this project, but just they they have some concerns, mainly in terms of what species of trees will be planted. And because there was no direct communication between the ecologists and Isha Foundation, it was not possible for them to address the concerns. As you seem to have spoken with an Isha spokesperson, if you could connect the concerned parties, it would be great, because I see that the ecologists are genuinely interested in making sure things are done the right way.May we all come together and make things happen.Rare Amazon bush dogs caught on camera in BoliviaCarrot1 Feba very good iniciative to be fallowed by the ranchers all overSponsoredcenter_img Animals, Biodiversity, Birds, Conservation, Conservation And Poverty, Conservation Philosophy, Economics, Endangered, Environment, Forestry, Forests, Innovation In Conservation, Law Enforcement, Pet Trade, Poaching, Protected Areas, Rainforests, Tropical Forests, Wildlife, Wildlife Conservation, Wildlife Trade, Wildlife Trafficking last_img read more

Solving early human culture riddle

first_imgOstrich eggshell beads from Border Cave, which show similar production techniques as those used by Kalahari San women. People used beads as part of a gift exchange system, just as modern people give and receive presents from each other. A Kalahari San woman drilling through beads to produce perforations. Prof Francesco d’Errico, leader of the international research team. The site is a treasure trove for archaeologists as it records well preserved organic remains from that time. (Images: Lucinda Backwell) Notched bones were used for counting purposes and the stone tools discovered in the same archaeological layers show a gradual evolution in stone tool technology. (Image: Francesco d’Errico and Lucinda Backwell) MEDIA CONTACTS • Erna van Wyk   Communications Officer  Wits University  +27 11 717 4023 RELATED ARTICLES • Fossils tell the mammal story • No bedbugs for early humans • Maropeng top evotourism destination • Khoisan couple home at last Wilma den HartighRecent analysis and dating of archaeological material discovered at a rock shelter in South Africa reveals that modern human behaviour, as we know it, developed much earlier than previously thought.The findings of a multi-disciplinary research team made up of scientists from all over the world has shed new light on this topic, providing answers to the crucial question of when in prehistory human cultures similar to ours emerged – something that human evolution scientists have grappled with for many years.Dr Lucinda Backwell, a senior researcher in palaeoanthropology at Wits University says until now, many archaeologists believed the oldest traces of San hunter-gatherer people in South Africa dated back 10 000 to 20 000 years, at the most.However, when researchers analysed objects retrieved from archaeological layers at KwaZulu-Natal’s Border Cave, they discovered people lived at this site as far bar back as 44 000 years ago.“This find is important because it shows the earliest evidence of modern human behaviour as we know it,” Backwell explains.“What we found there shows that people made use of symbolism, they were innovative and had cognitive ability.“It reveals that we are more like than we think we are.”More alike to our ancestorsProf Francesco d’Errico, leader of the international team and director of research at the French National Research Centre, says their results confirm that when people in southern Africa developed a lifestyle similar to that of hunter-gatherers, it remained almost unchanged for 40 000 years.He believes this adds a new dimension to the definition of modern cultural adaptation.“We often consider modern behaviour as synonymous with rapid cultural turn over,” D’Errico says.“The results show that even among modern humans, as among previous human species, culture can remain almost unchanged for very long, when there is no need to change.”What they foundThe site is a treasure trove for archaeologists as it records well preserved organic remains from that time. By using radio carbon methods, microscopic and chemical analysis, the team was able to identify how the artefacts were manufactured, used and what they were made of.“We were able to show in this way that already 44 000 years ago the inhabitants of this site manufactured and used many artefacts that until recently were an integral part of Kalahari Bushman culture,” Backwell says.Many of the discoveries, such as the ostrich egg and marine shell beads used as jewellery, show that even 44 000 years ago early humans had great aesthetic sense.“This shows that the first focus of aesthetic behaviour was the human body,” D’Errico explains.Backwell adds that people also used beads as part of a gift exchange system, just as modern people give and receive presents from each other.“It is similar to bartering, but this system was reciprocal and not just a business transaction,” she says.They also used notched bones for counting purposes and the stone tools discovered in the same archaeological layers show a gradual evolution in stone tool technology.“They fashioned fine bone points for use as awls (long pointed spikes) and poisoned arrowheads,” Backwell says. “One point is decorated with a spiral groove filled with red powder, comparable with similar marks made by Bushmen to identify their arrow heads when hunting.”Complicated chemical analysisUsing only a grain of material smaller than a pinhead, chemists based in Italy made extraordinary discoveries about the use of natural materials to manufacture poison and glue.A closer look at the artefacts revealed the earliest evidence for the use of poison. Chemical analysis of residues on a wooden stick decorated with incisions shows it was used to hold and carry a poison containing ricinoleic acid found in castor beans.The oldest known use of beeswax as an ingredient in glue was also discovered at the cave. Backwell says the lump of beeswax, mixed with the resin of Euphorbia (a plant with poisonous milky sap), and possibly egg, was wrapped in plant fibres made from the inner bark of a woody plant.The beeswax product was used as a binding agent to make stone tools such as arrowheads using a hafting technique, a process which involves attaching bone, metal or stone to a handle or shaft. Through this process, early humans could make tools that were more useful and stronger, such as a spear or an axe.“This is a complicated list of ingredients used to make tools with impact,” she explains.Once the arrowhead was attached using the binding agent, it was reinforced with twine or animal ligaments.The inhabitants of the cave also shaped warthog tusks into awls and possibly spear heads. “The use of small pieces of stone to arm hunting weapons is confirmed by the discovery of resin residue still adhering to some of the tools,” she says.The Italian chemists identified the resin to be suberin, a waxy substance produced from the sap of yellowwood trees, also used in the hafting process.She says the variety of ingredients indicate the ability of early human cultures to adapt to their geographical surroundings and use any available materials.More questionsBackwell says there are still many unanswered questions, such as why there appears to be a different rate of cultural development of early humans.“There are clear signs of a punctuated evolution,” she says.There are many theories as to why this happened, ranging from communities moving to another site, population growth, or even a loss of interest in a particular innovation.“Innovations came, were used and were lost again. This shows that human evolution was not entirely gradual,” she says. “There is also a possibility that entire communities could have been wiped out by illness or disease.”According to D’Errico, their research further demonstrates that Bushmen technology and lifestyle emerged abruptly, and remained relatively unchanged until recent times.“This represented an extremely successful and flexible cultural adaptation, able to cope with changing African environments,” he says.He believes their results have implications for the origins of language and the relationship between genetic and cultural heritage.Backwell anticipates that more archaeological material will be discovered at Border Cave. “At the same cave, the oldest child burial site was discovered, dated 80 000 years ago,” she says.She explains that the excavation, analysis and interpretation of the artefacts found at Border Cave demonstrate the value of interdisciplinary collaboration.She’s also consulted with Kalahari Bushmen in the Botswana and Namibia regions. “”They have shed new perspectives of what we’ve found,” she says.last_img read more

Are you an “Out There” Person?

first_imgA Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting richard macmanus Tags:#Real World#web Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic…center_img Adam Carstens from the Attention Company emailedtoday to tell me about some new research they’ve justpublished. It’s a report entitled “Out There” and surveys the attitudes ofpeople who participate in online communities. Here is the report as a PDF.I’d notheard of them before, but the Attention Company is made up of smart people – andthey’ve written some good books about the Internet in the recent past.The main findings of the report were that people who are “Out There” aremore likely to:Value fame as an “asset”Willing to share certain types of sensitive information on the webBelieve it is appropriate to criticize their organizations on the webBelieve that “organizations need to be more transparent to succeed”Believe “there’s no harm in openly discussing the work I do inside myorganization with others”The report concludes that “Out There” people are potential saviors of companies,because they are the people who are going to help companies succeed. “Out There” peopleare characterized as:Fast followersMore flexibleOpen communicatorsAspire to greatnessLooking for new, innovative ideasIn short – your future leadersThe above is from page 14 of the report and is followed by this warning to companieswho employ “Out There” people: “Any attempt to control it ham-handedly will only lead toexcessive blowback.” Which I thought was a cool way to put it 🙂 Blowback btw means ‘unintended consequences’.Note that in the report there are no details about how the research was gathered. Iasked Adam about this and he told me it was an Internet-based survey of 1,500white-collar professionals in the United States, between the ages 20-65. He said it was arandom weighted sample, conducted in July of 2006.In summary, I would guess that most people who read this blog would characterizethemselves as “out there”. While it’s not a particularly scientific term, my feeling isthat these kind of open and innovative thinkers are indeed the driving force in the whitecollar workforce.Finally, in his email Adam was kind enough to label me as “way out there” (see,flattery will get you everywhere on Read/WriteWeb!).UPDATE:Steve Borsch reminded me of his report on a similar topic: Rise of the Participation Culture. It’s an excellent high level look at current Web trends, so check it out if you’re into this type of research. 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market Related Posts last_img read more

Hakia – First Meaning-based Search Engine

first_imgRelated Posts Written by Alex Iskold and edited by Richard MacManus. There has been a lot of talk latelyabout 2007 being the year when we will see companies roll out Semantic Web technologies.The wave started with John Markoff’s article in NY Times and got picked up by Dan Farber of ZDNet and in other media. Forbackground on the Semantic Web in this era, check out our post entitled The Road to theSemantic Web. Also for a lengthy, but very insightful, primer on Semantic Web see NovaSpivak’s recent article.The media attention is not accidental. Because Semantic Web promises to help solveinformation overload problems and deliver major productivity gains, there is a hugeamount of resources, engineering and creativity that is being thrown at the SemanticWeb. What is also interesting is that there are different problems that need to be solved,in order for things to fall into place. There needs to be a way to turn data intometadata, either at time of creation or via natural language processing. Then there needsto be a set of intelligence, particularly inside the browser, to take advantage of thegenerated metadata. There are many other interesting nuances and sub-problems that needto be solved, so the Semantic Web marketplace is going to have a rich variety ofcompanies going after different pieces of the puzzle. We are planning to cover some ofthese companies working in the Semantic Web space, so watch out for more coverage here onRead/WriteWeb.Hakia: how is it different from Google?The first company we’ll cover is Hakia, which is a“meaning-based” search engine startup getting a bit of buzz. It is a venture-backed,multi-national team company headquartered in New York – and curiously has former USsenator Bill Bradley as a board member. It launched its beta in early November this year,but already ranks around 33K on Alexa – which is impressive. They are scheduled to golive in 2007.The user interface is similar to Google, but the engine prompts you to enter not justkeywords – but a question, a phrase, or a sentence. My first question was: What isthe population of China? My next query was more pragmatic: Where is the Apple store in Soho? (anotherexample from Hakia). The answer was perfect. I then performed the same search on Googleand got a perfect result there too. Then I searched for Why did Enron collapse?. Again Hakia did well, but notnoticeably better than Google. However, I did see one very impressive thing in Hakia. Inits results was this statement: Enron’s collapse was not caused by overstatedresource reserves, but by another kind of overstatement. This is pretty witty….but I am still not convinced that it is doing semantic analysis. Here is why: that replyis not constructed out of words because Hakia understands the semantics of thequestion. Instead, it pulled this sentence out of one of the documents which had a highrank, that matches the Why did Enron collapse? query.In my final experiment, Hakia beat Google hands down. I asked Why did MarthaStewart go to jail? – which is not one of Hakia’s homebrewed examples,but it is fairly similar to their Enron example. Hakia produced perfect results for theMartha question: Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… As you can see the results were spot on. I ran the same query on Google and got verysimilar results, but sans flag. Looking carefully over the results in Hakia, I noticedthe message:“Your query produced the Hakia gallery for China. What else do you want to know aboutChina?”At first this seems like a value add. However, after some thinking about it – I am notsure. What seems to have happened is that instead of performing the search, Hakiaclassified my question and pulled the results out of a particular cluster – i.e. China.To verify this hypothesis, I ran another query: What is the capital of china?.The results again suggested a gallery for China, but did not produce the right answer.Now to Hakia’s credit, it recovered nicely when I typed in: alex iskold 1 Hakia is impressive, but does it really understand meaning?I have to say that Hakia leaves me intrigued. Despite the fact that it could notanswer What does Hakia mean? and despite the fact that there isn’t sufficientevidence yet that it really understands meaning. It’s intriguing to think about the old idea of being able to type a question into acomputer and always getting a meaningful answer (a la the Turing test). But right now Iam mainly interested in Hakia’s method for picking the top answer. That seems to beHakia’s secret sauce at this point, which is unique and works quite well for them.Whatever heuristic they are using, it gives back meaningful results based on analysis ofstrings – and it is impressive, at least at first.Hakia and GooglePerhaps the more important question is: Will Hakia beat Google? Hakia itselfhas no answer, but my answer at this point is no. This current version is not excitingenough and the resulting search set is not obviously better. So it’s a long shot thatthey’ll beat Google in search. I think if Hakia presented one single answer for eachquery, with the ability to drill down, it might catch more attention. But again, this isa long shot.The final question is: Is semantical search fundamentally better than textsearch?. This is a complex question and requires deep theoretical expertise toanswer it definitively. Here are a few hints…. Google’s string algorithm is very powerful – this is an undeniable fact. Anarrow focused vertical search engine, that makes a lot of assumptions about theunderlying search domain (e.g. Retrevo) doesa great job in finding relevant stuff. So the difficulty that Hakia has to overcome is toquickly determine the domain and then to do a great job searching inside the domain. Thisis an old and difficult problem related to the understanding of natural language and AI. Weknow it’s hard, but we also know that it is possible. While we are waiting for all the answers, please give Hakia a try and let us know whatyou think.center_img Hakia experimentsNext I decided to try out some of the examples that the Hakia team suggests on itshomepage, along with some of my own. The first one was Why did the chicken cross theroad?, which is a Hakia example. The answers were fine, focusing on the ironicnature of the question. Particularly funny was Hakia’s pick: Tags:#search#web Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai…last_img read more

Jaiku Returns With Unlimited Invites

first_imgWhen Google acquired the microblogging service Jaiku in October of last year, many people had high hopes for Jaiku’s future. Would a Google-flavored Twitter soon show up everywhere from iGoogle to the upcoming Android handset, we wondered? Instead, news from the company slowed to a trickle and the doors stayed locked to newcomers – signs that many took to mean Google had essentially abandoned the service. But today, things are happening at Jaiku once again – most notably, unlimited invites are now available. Is Jaiku poised to make a comeback?At the time of the acquisition by Google, Jaiku was a promising competitor to Twitter. This was before presidential debates were taking place via tweets or the Mars Phoenix Lander was announcing the discovery of ice on Mars. In fact, in many ways, Jaiku was thought to be the superior service, considering its features like threaded conversations, easy group creation, and RSS import. But once Google got its hands on the service, a whole lot of nothing seemed to happen. Now, we’re tentatively raising our hopes once again. As VentureBeat reports, Jaiku is back after several days spent offline in a move to Google’s datacenters as they continue their move to Google’s App Engine service, the Google answer to Amazon’s web services stack. In addition, there is now a brand-new TOS that existing users must accept upon login, which brings the original up to Google standards, presumably. However, what’s most exciting is that users now have unlimited invites to share with their friends, a step we hope is just the first of many in Jaiku’s rebirth. Yet, as exciting as a Google Twitter-like service is, so much time has passed that Twitter has the market share and mindshare of those that want to participate in a micro-blogging community. Jaiku has a long battle ahead if they truly want to compete now. Tags:#Product Reviews#web Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hostingcenter_img 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market sarah perez Related Posts last_img read more

California ~ Corporate Income Tax: Ruling Issued on Calculation of LLC Fee

first_imgCCH Tax Day ReportThe California Franchise Tax Board (FTB) has issued a legal ruling relating to the calculation of the limited liability company (LLC) fee. The ruling addresses whether the cost of goods sold, which is added back to gross income for purposes of calculating the fee, includes the adjusted basis of real property held for sale to customers in the ordinary course of business. The legislative history of the bill enacting the LLC fee demonstrates that the term “cost of goods sold” was intended to include the adjusted basis of real property held for sale to customers in the ordinary course of business. It is also notable that the term “cost of goods sold” in the context used by the Legislature included real property. Similarly, close in time to the enactment of the LLC fee, Congress also used the term “cost of goods sold” to include real property. Courts similarly use the term “cost of goods sold” to mean the cost associated with property held for sale to customers in the ordinary course of business, including real property. Thus, in a situation involving a California LLC with two or more members that was classified as a partnership for tax purposes and that held real property for sale to customers in the ordinary course of its trade or business, the FTB ruled that if the LLC sold property that was held for sale to customers in the ordinary course of its trade or business, the adjusted basis in the property would be added back to gross income for purposes of calculating the LLC fee. However, if the LLC sold property that was held for investment purposes, the adjusted basis in the property would not be added back to gross income for purposes of calculating the LLC fee.Legal Ruling 2016-01, California Franchise Tax Board, July 14, 2016, ¶406-528Other References:Explanations at ¶10-240last_img read more

Each tile is individually impressed Linda Fournie

first_img Each tile is individually impressed. Linda Fournier. [Photo: Yuki Yanagimoto & Text: sa] The impressed tiles are bisque fired. [Photo: Yuki Yanagimoto & Text: sa] For tile production, slip is allowed to dry in lined plaster beds, cut into squares, air dried a second time and put through a pug mill to remove any air bubbles from the clay. Ceramics manager Ed Werman. [Photo: Yuki Yanagimoto & Text: sa] Individual touch-up is done on each tile. Valkyrie. [Photo: Yuki Yanagimoto & Text: sa] Tiles are dipped in glaze mixture. Valkyrie and Ed. [Photo: Yuki Yanagimoto & Text: sa] Before and after glazing. The glaze is allowed to dry and the tile re-fired. [Photo: Yuki Yanagimoto & Text: sa] A new batch of beautiful and unique tiles and glazed bells is removed from the kiln after firing. [Photo: Yuki Yanagimoto & Text: sa] July 7, 2004 The Arcosanti Ceramics Department also produces a unique line of tiles and wall switch plates. [Photo: Yuki Yanagimoto & Text: sa] Next step is a glazing process. This particular glaze is called Desert Sand. Other glazes used are Green, Sky blue and Midnight Blue. [Photo: Yuki Yanagimoto & Text: sa] last_img read more